In Niederösterreich the provincial government is a 'concentration government', which means that all the parties represented in the provincial parliament with a certain number of members have at least one seat in the provincial government. Since the last election in March 2008 there are three parties represented in the government. The ÖVP provides 6 members and the SPÖ 2 and FPÖ 1.
The provincial government, as the highest administrative body, implements the regional laws, manages the province's finances and administers the province's assets. It is supported by the Office of Niederösterreich´s Provincial Government.
The provincial president (Landeshauptmann) and the provincial authorities supporting him are also involved in the handling of federal affairs. In that case, they are bound by the directives of the federal government or the individual federal ministers.